The conflict in Yemen has killed 10,000 people since March 2015, including 9,500 civilians, and more than 55,000 injured, causing "the worst humanitarian crisis" in the world, lamented the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Health Organization. Unicef.
In July, the United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef) denounced the devastating impact of the conflict on children (half of the 22 million inhabitants), of whom 2,200 were killed and 3,400 were wounded. the fights. "These are just numbers that we could verify. The actual number could be much higher, "said the Executive Director of Unicef. The conflict pits government forces against the armed movement of the Houthis, from the Zaidi minority (who seized the capital Sanaa in 2014).
The crisis escalated in 2015 when Saudi Arabia took the lead in a military coalition to support forces loyal to President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi. Civilians, especially children, pay a heavy price in the war. Thursday, 29 children were killed in air strikes against a bus allocated to the coalition. Several raids attributed to the coalition under Saudi command have caused many civilian casualties, including against a wedding hall in Mokha in September 2015 (131 dead, the coalition denied being involved) and at a funeral ceremony in Sanaa in October 2016 (140 deaths).
The coalition, accused of multiple blunders, admitted responsibility for some raids, but accuses the Houthis of using civilians as human shields. Yemen has also recorded more than one million cholera cases, including 2,200 deaths, since the outbreak of the conflict. In early August, WHO announced that Yemen could be affected by a new "major wave" of cholera cases. The warning came in the wake of a deadly air strike targeting Yemen's largest hospital in the Houthi-controlled port city of Hodeida, while WHO staff were preparing a vaccination campaign.
According to a UNICEF study of March 2018, nearly half a million children have dropped out of school since the escalation of the conflict, bringing the total number of out-of-school children to two million . "An entire generation of children in Yemen is facing a gloomy future due to limited or no access to education," said UNICEF representative in Yemen. More than 2,500 schools are out of service, of which two-thirds have been damaged by attacks, 27% are closed and 7% are used for military purposes or as shelters for displaced persons.
According to Unicef, at least 2,419 children have been recruited into the fighting since 2015. By March 2017, UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O'Brien said Yemen was the theater of war. the "worst humanitarian crisis in the world". Two-thirds of its population needs assistance, and more than seven million "do not know where their next meal will come from," he said, reporting massive displacement of people uprooted by the fighting.
According to Unicef, 78% of Yemenis live in poverty. 1.8 million children under five and 1.1 million pregnant or breastfeeding women suffer from acute malnutrition, an increase of 128% since the end of 2014. More than half of young people do not have access to drinking water or adequate sanitation