NEW YORK – The UN General Assembly adopted at its 73rd session, 36 resolutions and 4 decisions on decolonization issues, including that on Western Sahara .
In the same document, the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples is requested to continue to monitor the situation in Western Sahara and to report to it at the 74th session of the General Assembly.
The decision puts forward "the irrevocable right of all peoples to self-determination and independence, in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter and Assembly Resolution 1514 General bearing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples "
Recalling all the decisions of the GA and the International Security Council on the question of Western Sahara, the document cites the decision of the GA stressing that the options for self-determination remain valid insofar as they were in accordance with the freely expressed wishes of the people concerned and with the principles clearly defined in the resolutions of the General Assembly.
The General Assembly also welcomed the meeting between the two parties of the conflict, Morocco and Polisario Front under the aegis of Horst Kohler, l personal envoy of the UN Secretary General, in the presence of the two neighboring countries, Algeria and Mauritania, and their agreement to continue negotiations.
Reiterating the responsibility of the United Nations for the people of Western Sahara, the decision of the General Assembly welcomed the efforts of the UN SG and his personal envoy to search for a political solution guaranteeing the right of the people of Western Sahara to self-determination through the continuation of the process of negotiations between the two parties (Morocco and Polisario Front ) of "good faith and without preconditions ".
She urged both parties to cooperate with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and to honor their commitments under international humanitarian law.
On the other hand, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted, in the same decision, the special report of the Special Committee in relation to the application of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Countries and Peoples of the 24, which was adopted by all States except the Moroccan occupying State and sent, in August 2018, to the SG of the United Nations Organization.