GENEVA- Morocco and the Polisario Front will meet on Wednesday and Thursday in Geneva, after six years of blocking the negotiation process for the settlement of the Western Sahara conflict.
The Personal Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Western Sahara, Horst Koehler, had invited the two parties to the conflict, Morocco, as the occupying Power of Western Sahara, and the Polisario Front, representative of the Western Sahara. Saharawi people, at a round table for direct talks in the framework of the revival of the UN process for the resolution of the Western Sahara conflict, on the basis of respect for the right of the Saharawi people to self-determination.
On 31 October, the Security Council urged Morocco and the Polisario Front to resume negotiations "without preconditions and in good faith" with a view to reaching a just, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution that would allow self-determination of the people of Western Sahara
In its resolution extending the mandate of the six-month United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), the Security Council stressed the importance for both parties to the conflict of " to recommit itself to advancing the political process in preparation for a fifth round of negotiations ".
The last time the Polisario Front and Morocco settled at the same negotiating table was in March 2012 in Manhasset (near New York). Since then, the peace process has stalled.
Algeria and Mauritania, invited by UN envoy Horst Koehler, will be present at this round table as neighbors and observers.
Their participation comes under Security Council Resolution 2414, which confirmed the support of this UN body for the resumption of direct negotiations.
In the format of a round table, this meeting seems to be the prelude to a series of negotiations that will organize, according to the results of Geneva, the UN envoy in the months to come.
Morocco and the Polisario Front have met since 2007 in four rounds of direct talks under the auspices of the United Nations, but these negotiations have not advanced in the direction of the objectives set by the UN Security Council resolutions. 'UN.
Morocco, which illegally occupied Western Sahara for more than 40 years and no country in the world does not recognize any sovereignty over this territory, is at the origin of the blocking of these negotiations despite the very acceptable proposals of the Polisario Front it is recalled
For this new meeting, the Polisario Front reiterated its commitment to negotiations of "good faith" and "unconditional" in order to find a "just and lasting" solution to allow the Saharawi people to express themselves freely on the future of Western Sahara
Western Sahara, the last colony of Africa, is a question of decolonization opposing the Polisario Front in Morocco on a territory registered by the UN to the list of non-autonomous territories, pending the implementation of resolution 1514 of the General Assembly of 14 December 1960, which enshrines the principle of self-determination and independence to the country and the colonial peoples.