These three regions alone are responsible for the growth of global energy consumption, with growth of about 20% in each of these regions between 2010 and 2016, according to the most recent data available in the database. International Energy Statistics Data Collection
Energy consumption has increased particularly in the Middle East and Africa. Economic growth, increased access to energy markets and rapid population growth contribute to this development.
Energy consumption in Asia is growing steadily while consumption in China has decreased in 2015 and 2016.
In mature North American economies, energy consumption increased by 1% from 2010 to 2016. In Europe, energy consumption decreased by 4% over the same period.
In terms of total energy consumption, Asia and Oceania consumed much more energy in total, accounting for 42% of global energy consumption in 2016, compared with 6% for the Middle East and % for Africa.
Worldwide, oil and other liquid fuels, including biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, are the most important form of energy consumption. The increase in the supply of shale oil in the United States and other sources of liquid fuel internationally has led to an increase in the consumption of these fuels, according to the EIA.
At the same time, China's gross domestic product (GDP) grew by more than 6 percent a year, for a relatively unchanged total energy consumption in recent years. The data also show an improvement in China's energy intensity, that is, the GDP generated per unit of energy consumed.