ALGIERS – Teachers and university researchers pleaded Sunday in Algiers for an integrated counter-extremism and terrorism policy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, bringing together political and economic measures and taking advantage of media and diplomatic discourse to mitigate crises and preserve the stability of the region.
On the 2nd day of the International Conference on "The Current Situation in the MENA Region : Problems and Solutions", the interventions were focused on the struggle efforts against extremism leading to terrorism in the MENA region, "the least stable in the world".
Emphasis was placed on the challenges facing the region, including "respect for the law and human rights, socio-economic opportunities and the fight against the takfirist ideology whose spread is favored by social networks. "
Evoking, in this regard, the efforts of the countries of the region in the fight against violent extremism through a security strategy based on the mobilization of all military services and enforcement devices in anti-terrorist struggle university teacher Fatima Oudina (University of Algiers 3) felt, however, more than necessary "the adoption an integrated policy fight against violent extremism bringing together political, economic, cultural and religious measures and associating the citizens and all the institutions ".
The speaker cited, in this sense, the experience of Algeria as a "model of national reconciliation and training of imams to promote a religious discourse, advocating moderation and tolerance ", as well as that of the United Arab Emirates through the creation of a center for the fight against extremist ideology, Egypt and other countries that have realized that extremism is "the greatest challenge for the countries of the region".
Emphasizing the imperative of eradicating the causes of extremism, particularly in the youth community faced with exclusion, marginalization and unemployment and disinterested in politics as the most targeted category of extremist and terrorist organizations
In this regard, the two university teachers, Mustapha Kraoua and Mohamed Lamine Benaouda, recalled that young people are the most important users of social networks, which contribute to "the spread of extremist idiology of different currents".
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The two speakers explained, in this sense, that social networks have become "the most effective means for the spread of terrorist ideology, planning attacks and communication between terrorists" which forced the country and government to "impose a sort of 'safe seat' on sites from defense on the ground to electronic defense."
Addressing the Palestinian question, which has gained the lion's share of the debate, participants said the latest developments, including the decision by US President Donald Trump on the occupied El Quds, favor the continuation of the conflict. in the MENA region, hence "the need for a comprehensive and unified regional strategy to counter the Zionist entity's plans to bury the Palestinian cause and impose its domination on the region."
The University of Algiers 3 organized this conference which was attended by several teachers and researchers from 23 national universities and 3 foreign universities
During this conference, several interventions were presented on the real reasons for the conflicts in the MENA region as well as their territorial and international sequels in addition to the future challenges and challenges to be met.