ALGER – Teachers and university researchers pleaded Sunday in Algiers for an integrated policy to fight against extremism and terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, bringing together political and economic measures and harnessing media and diplomatic rhetoric to mitigate crises and preserve stability in the region.
On the second day of the International Conference on "The Current Situation in the MENA Region: Problems and Solutions", the interventions focused on efforts to counter extremism leading to terrorism in the MENA region, "the least stable in the world".
Emphasis was placed on the challenges facing the region, including "respect for the law and human rights, socio-economic opportunities and the fight against the takfirist ideology whose spread is favored by social networks. "
Evoking, in this regard, the efforts of the countries of the region in the fight against violent extremism through a security strategy based on the mobilization of all military services and law enforcement mechanisms in the fight against terrorism , university teacher Fatima Oudina (University of Algiers 3) felt, however, more than necessary "the adoption of an integrated policy to fight against violent extremism bringing together political, economic, cultural and religious, and associating citizens and all institutions ".
The speaker cited, in this sense, the experience of Algeria as a "model of national reconciliation and training of imams to promote a religious discourse, which advocates moderation and tolerance," as well as that of the United Arab Emirates through the creation of a center against extremist ideology, Egypt and other countries who realized that extremism was "the greatest challenge for the countries of the region" .
Stressing the imperative of eradicating the causes of extremism, especially in the youth community faced with exclusion, marginalization and unemployment and disinterested in politics as a category most targeted by extremist and terrorist organizations
In this regard, the two university professors, Mustapha Kraoua and Mohamed Lamine Benaouda, recalled that young people are the most important users of social networks, which contribute to "the spread of extremist idiology of different currents".
The two speakers explained, in this sense, that social networks have become "the most effective means for the propagation of terrorist ideology, planning attacks and communication between terrorists" which has forced the country and government to "impose a sort of 'safe seat' on sites from defense on the ground to electronic defense."
Addressing the Palestinian question, which has gained the lion's share of the debate, participants said that the latest developments, including the decision by US President Donald Trump on the occupied Al Quds, favor the continuation of the conflict. in the MENA region, hence "the need for a regional, global and unified strategy to counter the Zionist entity's plans to bury the Palestinian cause and impose its domination on the region".
The University of Algiers 3 organized this conference, attended by several teachers and researchers from 23 national universities and 3 foreign universities
During this conference, several interventions were presented on the real reasons for the conflicts in the MENA region as well as their territorial and international sequels besides the future challenges and challenges to be met.