NEW YORK – The United Nations on Tuesday appealed for $ 21.9 billion to support 93.6 million of the most vulnerable people in the world.
In 2019, "the humanitarian needs will remain important," UN chief of humanitarian affairs Mark Lowcock told reporters, adding that "the situation has deteriorated in some countries."
Contrary to previous years, the amount required is not completely stopped in the appeal launched Tuesday in Geneva by Mark Lowock and to which must be added the figure for Syria, whose appeal will be confirmed at the finalization of the 2019 humanitarian response plan for this country.
"Total funding requirements, including those for Syria, are expected to be close to the current required funding of nearly $ 25 billion," said the head of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA ).
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The first teaching of this call, the number of people who will need assistance has increased from 135 to less than 132 million.
By contrast, the UN wants to help 93.6 million people, a little more than the 90 million arrested in its appeal launched late 2017.
OCHA justifies this development by the fact that "the world is faced with extremely high humanitarian needs, mainly due to armed conflicts that cause enormous human suffering and displacement over longer periods of time".
Deterioration of the situation in Yemen
According to the UN, global requirements in 2019 are comparable to this year's. But it is in Yemen that UN action will be the most important.
"Yemen will be the country with the biggest problems," says Lowcock. Humanitarian agencies want to provide emergency food assistance to 12 million people a month in 2019 compared with 8 million currently.
In total, the UN is requesting $ 4 billion for Yemen to help 15 million people, or 60 percent of the affected population.
The humanitarian situation is also worrying in Syria. In this country, out of the 13 million people in need, the UN plans to help 11.2 Syrians.
In addition to Ethiopia and Nigeria, the United Nations will also pay special attention to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with 9 million targeted at the 12.8 million vulnerable.
But in terms of funding requested, the DRC is overtaken by South Sudan and its neighbors for whom the UN wants to grant 2.9 billion.
Moreover, there is a deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Cameroon, but also in the Central African Republic with an upsurge of conflicts and violence, "says the head of OCHA.
In Latin America, the UN has asked for $ 740 million for the Venezuelan crisis. On the other hand, needs are reduced in Somalia, Iraq, Haiti or Burundi.
In addition, the UN estimates that Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal no longer need assistance.
In addition to conflict, an effort will be made to deal with the disasters that affect about 350 million people a year.