MARRAKECH – The UN Global Compact on Migration continued on Tuesday to spark advocacy for the text Human Rights Defenders and NGOs Call on Signatory Countries to Really Implement Their Commitments by Advocating for Ideal Migration Practices
Speakers continued their plea for the "Safe, orderly and regular migration" pact submitted since Monday at an international conference in Marrakech, initiated by the United Nations, in the presence of States adhering to the Covenant and those of the organizations advocates for ideal migration practices.
Along with other leaders at the conference, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres denounced the "numerous lies" about the Covenant, which has generated "political tension" in several countries and shattered the government coalition in Belgium, with the resignation of ministers from the Flemish nationalist party.
Non-binding, the Pact identifies principles – defense of human rights, children, recognition of national sovereignty – and lists 23 proposals to better manage migration, such as the exchange of information and information. expertise, or the integration of migrants. It advocates the prohibition of arbitrary detention, allowing arrests only as a last resort.
"Civil society will monitor what is happening and will demand accountability," Oxfam said. "It is important to seize this opportunity and push for it to advance (…)," said Sarnata Reynolds, head of Oxfam for Migration.
For her part, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet acknowledged at an official ceremony dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the declaration of human rights that "the states have not always fulfilled the commitments they made 70 years ago ", while emphasizing progress.
Regarding migration, "we are talking about a binding or non-binding pact … But there is a misunderstanding: it is not a matter of domestic politics but of the dignity of the human being", says Francesco Rocca, President of the International Red Cross
The founder of "One Child", an association focused on migrant minors, was invited to speak at the official opening of the debates. "Migration can of course be a safe and positive experience … But what about the 30 million minors who are forced to leave their homes because of violence and conflict?" Cheryl Perera told the conference.
As European nationalists mobilize against the Pact in the run-up to the European elections in May 2019, German Chancellor Angela Merkel supports him as several European Prime Ministers: Spaniard Pedro Sanchez, Portuguese Antonio Costa, Greek Alexis Tspiras, Denmark's Lars Lokke Rasmussen – who has just tightened his country's migration policy – and the Belgian Charles Michel, who has therefore maintained his move at the price of unity in his coalition.
In a speech, Merkel pleaded for multilateralism by recalling the "history of her country, marked by Nazism."
"The answer to nationalism was the foundation of the United Nations and the commitment to find together answers to our common problems," she said.
Fifteen countries reported their withdrawal or freezing of their decision after approving the text on 13 July in New York (Austria, Czech Republic, Austria, Bulgaria, Chile, Estonia, Hungary, Italy, Czech Republic , Latvia, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Switzerland). The United States had left the process in December 2017 judging it contrary to President Donald Trump's migration policy.