ALGER- The echo of the Palestinian cause has not stopped ringing throughout the year 2018 across the world to an Israeli-American conspiracy to bury it by executing the "transaction of the century" triggered in particular by the decision of President Donald Trump to consider the occupied holy city of El Qods as the capital of Israel, an action strongly the United States as a guarantor in the peace process.
The Palestinian leadership, in its immediate reaction to this provocative and disputed action around the world, denounced a transgression of peace agreements signed with Israel for the two-state solution, which in the United States extracts the quality of guarantor in the peace process.
The United States has not failed, in the year 2018, to cancel the $ 200 million aid to Palestinians in the West Bank and the Ghaza Strip, an envelope that represents all of Washington's contribution to the budget of the Palestinian territories. The Palestinian leadership has seen repressive measures of "shameful blackmail" on the part of Washington.
Showing even more the "impartial" policy of the United States in the Middle East and his positions of support for the Israeli lobby, Mr. Trump had accused, at the Davos forum earlier this year, the Palestinians of not wanting "to negotiate with Israel". The Palestinians, for their part, have been boycotting the White House's peace efforts since Donald Trump's decision on December 6 to consider El Quds as the capital of the Israeli entity, knowing full well that the Palestinians plan to do El-Quds. The capital of their future independent state is occupied, at the moment when the occupier persists in saying that the holy city is its eternal and indivisible capital.
The United States lost its mediator status
Thus, twenty-five years after the Oslo Accords, the United States is less well placed than ever to play the mediators. For President Donald Trump, bringing together both parties (Israelis and Palestinians) to sign a peace agreement, like Bill Clinton in 1993 in Washington where, like Jimmy Carter, 40 years ago at Camp David, seems very complicated.
The Republican businessman, however, promised to take office to conclude the "ultimate agreement" between Israelis and Palestinians, and entrusted this task to an equally inexperienced group, but deemed close to Israeli positions, under the the crook of his son-in-law and councilor Jared Kushner
The Palestinians, for their part, froze all contact at the end of 2017, following Donald Trump's decision to consider El Qods as the capital of the Israeli entity, breaking with decades of international consensus that of the Holy City be entrusted to negotiation.
Since then, the US administration has been stepping up spectacular measures with the stated dual aim of getting Palestinian leaders to agree to negotiate: almost obliterated bilateral aid, cancellation of financial support for the UN agency for Palestinian refugees (Unrwa), and closure of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) mission to Washington, 25 years after the late Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, the leader of this same PLO, was received with honors in the White House.
According to former US diplomat Michelle Dunne, researcher at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Americans are trying to get the most difficult issues out of the negotiations – El Qods, the Palestinian refugees – which confirms that Washington wants to the reign of Donald Trump put an end to any project to bring about a "two-state solution".
Mysterious Plan of Peace
A plan being prepared by the American administration of Donald Trump for a settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, whose contours have not been revealed, worries the Palestinians who call it "agreement of the century", perceived moreover, as a conspiracy by the United States and Israel to establish the domination of the Israeli entity over the Middle East.
Faced with the intransigence of the occupier, whose multiple violations continued to kill hundreds of Palestinians in 2018, the Palestinian government of Rami al-Hamdallah called for an international investigation and called for an international multi-party mechanism to to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, as the Arab-Islamic world reflected on ways to respond to the transfer of the US embassy to El Qods, considered an attack on the historic, legal and political status of the city, and may only destabilize the region.
The status of El Qods, which is home to the third holiest site of Islam, is one of the main obstacles to reaching a peace agreement between Israelis and Palestinians, in addition to other issues that have remained suspense in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations has been stalled since 2014, after nine months of fruitless talks led by the United States.
These include the return of refugees, the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israeli prisons, and the proclamation of an independent Palestinian state with El Quds-East as its capital.
Another highlight of the year 2018, the return marches started since March 30 in the Ghaza Strip by the Palestinians. A mobilization repressed, each time, by the Zionist army, making not less than 200 dead and thousands of wounded by bullets.