PARIS – The crisis of "yellow vests ", born from the degradation of the purchasing power of the French, does not seem to find a way out since its outbreak on November 17, however President Emmanuel Macron still wants to launch its" big national debate "that" yellow vests "consider a "political trap".
The French president had indicated, during his "wishes to the French" on December 31, that he would publish in mid-January a "letter to the French" to explain the contours of the "great national debate" that he wishes to launch to better define their claims in political, economic and social.
It is understood, for him and his government, not to give up his reforms, claiming on every occasion that he wants to "go further and faster".
But the pressure of the street, even enamelled with violence deemed unacceptable, is increasingly heavy on the action of the government which has difficulty in containing the anger expressed, showing, in the face of violence against the security forces public buildings and state institutions, its firmness to apply the whole law against the "agitators".
At the end of the last Council of Ministers on Friday, the government has reaffirmed its desire not to give in to the ever-increasing street pressure, saying that President Macron has already responded to complaints of "yellow vests "by social measures, the bill is estimated at nearly or more than 10 billion euros.
Measures judged by the movement of "yellow vests" too inadequate in the sense that they do not contribute in any way, according to its leaders, to improve the purchasing power of the French.
According to a survey published on January 2, 73% of French people consider the first priority assigned to the government for 2019, in the fight against terrorism (71%) and against unemployment (70%).
In addition to this priority, which is the strength of the movement and 55% of the French want it to continue, the "yellow vests" have managed to introduce or impose, in political and media debates, the referendum question citizens' initiative (RIC), one of their key demands.
Social anger turns into a political crisis
By their desire to include it in French political circles, the "yellow vests" denounce, in a way, the mode of governance of the Fifth Republic which, according to them, allows the elected president to govern during his term of office. , "alone" and "without worrying" about the "sufferings" of the French
It is in this context that analysts believe that the current social anger, which is turning into a political crisis, has been awakened by the verticality of the governance of the young French president who, due to lack of political experience, has to operate in such a situation.
What drives him, faced with the dissatisfaction of public opinion, to seek the way to become the "master of clocks" by launching for example the "great national debate" which will include, according to his family, the question of the citizens' initiative referendum, but according to the timetable it has already set.
A first response came from the "yellow vests" who refuse to participate, considering it as a "political trap to try to drown the subject", namely the establishment of referendum popular initiative.
Will he succeed in this perilous exercise? No serious prognosis can be made, according to many observers, who believe that it remains, at this moment, with a narrow margin of maneuvering.
Moreover, the context in which it will act is complicated by the day, so much the mobilization of the "yellow vests" remains determined.
The departure of several of his advisers, the rebound of the scandal of Alexandre Benalla, the renewed mobilization of "yellow vests" which will be followed by the anger of the "red pens" (teachers and professors), the acts of violence that rise a notch, seem to weaken it, according to the same observers who believe that the visibility for the coming weeks is practically nil.
An Odoxa-Dentsu Consulting survey, conducted in partnership by Le Figaro with Franceinfo, estimates that if President Macron relies on his ministers to "protect him politically", "he is wrong as they appear more unpopular than ever".
He lost, in one year, his three ministers of state (François Bayrou, Nicolas Hulot, Gerard Collomb), remember and his communication officer and his pen, Sylvain Fort, has just announced his departure of the staff of the presidency
This suggests that, in the coming days, he will be forced, according to information, to reshuffle his staff by naming people able to handle the political crisis that takes place in France.