NEW YORK – THE UN General Assembly ratified on Wednesday the Global Compact for Migration in a poll, during which 152 countries voted in favor of the text, 12 states abstained, while five voted against, local media reported.
The Pact, the first of its kind on the issue of migration, had already been adopted in July by all members of the United Nations with the notable exception of the United States. The text required ratification in New York as for any text endorsed outside the United Nations headquarters.
After several defections, it was confirmed on December 10 at a summit in Marrakech (Morocco) by 164 countries out of the 193 members of the United Nations Organization.
Non-binding, the Pact identifies a series of principles to respect, including the defense of human rights, children, recognition of national sovereignty and requires cooperation, exchange of information and expertise between countries signatories.
He advocates, furthermore, the integration of migrants, the prohibition of arbitrary detentions and authorizes arrests only as a last resort.
The countries that refused to endorse the Covenant are the United States, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland and Israel.
According to UN diplomats, Washington did not stop until Wednesday to exert "direct and indirect" pressure on countries not to adhere to the Pact.
Denounced by the Flemish nationalists, this document caused the rupture of the government coalition in Belgium marked Tuesday by the resignation of its Prime Minister, Charles Michel, who had approved the Pact.
In recent months, the Covenant has unleashed passions, particularly in some fifteen countries (Austria, Australia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Chile, Estonia, Hungary, Italy, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia). and Switzerland) who had publicly announced their withdrawal or the freezing of their decision.
Hungary on Wednesday denounced the UN "a grave mistake" and brandished the threat of massive new flows of migrants in the world, while the Philippines called for "the reason" that migrants are a "contribution beneficial "for countries.
At the beginning of the meeting, the President of the UN General Assembly, Maria Fernanda Espinosa Garcès, stressed that the document "does not affect the sovereignty of the states".
According to UN data, there are about 258 million people in mobility and migrants worldwide, or 3.4% of the world's population. More than 80% of the movements between countries are legal, while more than 60,000 illegal migrants have died since 2000 during their journey.