WASHINGTON – The US House of Representatives proposed an unprecedented fiscal provision on the use of US aid to Western Sahara which rejects the so-called "sovereignty" of Morocco over the occupied territories of Western Sahara.
The provision included in the draft federal budget 2019 which is the subject of intense negotiations between Democrats and Republicans lifted the authorization for Morocco to use US aid in the occupied Saharawi territories.
Through this suppression, Congress unequivocally reaffirms that Morocco does not have the status of administering power in Western Sahara to manage American aid in these territories.
The new measure passed by the House of Representatives is awaiting the outcome of the Shutdown for it to be finally ratified. The agreement on the federal budget still stumbles over the financing of the wall on the border with Mexico, requested by President Trump.
The Congress enshrined in this bill a chapter in Western Sahara separate from that of Morocco and stipulates that the funding for US aid abroad will be granted directly to Western Sahara. No reference to Morocco, the text was expunged from the said authorization.
The funds will be made available to Sahrawis after consultation between the State Department, the United States Agency for International Development and the two finance commissions of the two houses of Congress.
The House of Representatives asserts that nothing in this Act can be interpreted as a change in US policy towards the Saharawi issue of supporting the UN process and its efforts to monitor the ceasefire and achieving a peaceful and lasting solution to the conflict in Western Sahara, guaranteeing the right to self-determination of the Saharawi people.
The authorization granted to Morocco has been incorporated since 2014, in the budget laws voted by the Congress on the inspiration of the Moroccan lobby in the House of Representatives, it is recalled
Although these previous laws made funding available to Morocco available for assistance in Western Sahara, they did, however, submit this authorization to the green light of the American administration.
The State Department has always marked its refusal to implement this provision which amounts to implicitly recognizing the status of "administering power" in Rabat.
Despite these details, Morocco has continued in recent years to distill flagrant untruths on this measure, which it falsely interprets as "a support of the Congress to its autonomy plan", obscuring the required downstream of the American administration for its application. But the new provision is clear and makes any ambiguity about it.