ALGIERS – The team of United Nations observers to consolidate the truce in the Yemeni strategic port of al Hodeida, as part of the strengthening of the peace process, began Monday its mission to observation, a week after the ceasefire came into effect in that city in accordance with the Stockholm agreement signed a week ago between the government and the Ansarallah (Houthis) movement.
On his first visit to the port of al Hodeida in western Yemen on Monday, the chief observer, retired Dutch general Patrick Cammaert, once again called on the belligerents to "respect the truce "concluded in Sweden mid-December current.
The chief of observers went around the port and found "traces of shelling", said the deputy director of this facility, Yahia Charafeddine, quoted by the media. According to Charafeddine, the UN official told the port officials "the determination" of the international community to "end" the conflict in Yemen, a war that was "forgotten for years."
He insisted, according to the same source, on the "implementation of the agreement" of ceasefire ratified by a resolution of the Security Council of the UN, voted Friday unanimously by its members . The Dutch general plans to spend the rest of the day visiting the front lines between Houthis and pro-government forces around al Hodeida.
Patrick Cammaert arrived Sunday in Hodeida, accompanied by a small team of observers the day after a meeting with the government, as part of his efforts to convince the belligerents to respect the truce.
According to the UN, he will preside on Wednesday, the first meeting of the Joint Committee (rebels-government) to implement the truce but also the withdrawal of fighters from the ports of al Hodeida, Salif and Ras Issa through which most of Yemen's humanitarian aid and food imports pass.
On Saturday, General Cammaert arrived in Aden (south), where the government recognized by the international community is based. He had "pressed" the Yemeni executive and Saudi-led military coalition that supports him "to enforce the truce" in Hodeida "and to cooperate to ensure the delivery of humanitarian aid", according to the UN.
The UN insists on respect for the cease-fire
On Friday, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2451 to send civilian observers to Yemen to, inter alia, secure the operation of the port of al Hodeida, the main front of the war, and supervise the evacuation of the fighters from that city.
The text authorizes the UN to "establish and deploy, for an initial period of 30 days from the adoption of the resolution", and insists on "full compliance by all parties to the ceasefire. fire declared for the province of Hodeida ", entered into force last Tuesday.
This resolution, which came after nearly four years of conflict, was described as "not important" by the Ansarallah (Houthis) movement, while the Yemeni government reaffirmed its "commitment to respect the agreement" of Sweden, and working "in a positive spirit" with the UN to find a lasting political agreement to the crisis.
On 13 December, government delegations and elements of the Houthis reached an agreement in Sweden, under the auspices of the UN, to immediately cease hostilities in al Hodeida, the main front in the conflict. months, as well as the withdrawal of the ports from the city.
The complete and mutual withdrawal of all forces in al Hodeida and these three ports will be completed within a maximum period of 21 days after the entry into force of the truce, in accordance with the agreement.
But sporadic fighting and air raids continued in the city through which much of Yemen's aid and food imports flowed, while the two rival forces accused each other of violating the rule. cease-fire. The conflict in Yemen killed more than 10,000 people and caused the worst humanitarian crisis in the world according to the UN.